By again using the Iraq example we can demonstrate this issue. The fact that most people, including myself, would rather lie to save the Jews proves Consequentialism more realistic.
If Consequentialism becomes nothing but a matter of opinion then it crumbles as an ethical theory. Something that may be a benefit for one person may be a cost to another.
But hybrid views are possible. A theory which regarded the prohibition of lying as agent-neutral, however, would object that surely if one lie is bad, twenty would be much worse.
After reviewing Consequentialism and Deontology, as well as, arguments against them, I believe Consequentialism least likely to be false. People must act from duty. Even though it is a war, president Bush believed that fighting the war would prevent farther terrorism on American soil.
One of the more commonly used arguments was that vulgar acts, such as orgiastic sex might produce greater transient pleasure than some disciplined higher act such as studying fine poetry. Consequentialism is the school of thought which asserts that the morality of a given action is to be judged by the consequence of that action.
In one sense, a deontology is simply theory of our duties, something most ethical theories have. It would simply argue for this deontological cast of mind, as it were, for teleological reasons. The essence is to do the task, according to how right it is presumed to be.
For instance, consider that a man has saved enough money to buy a house for his family, but has to deal with an unfortunate situation when his son meets with an accident. An indirect consequentialist, for instance, might argue that one ought to decide what is right as though one were bound by agent-relative constraints, since if everyone made decisions in this way it would bring about the most overall good.
Therefor fighting the Iraq war is okay, or morally permissible. Furthermore, how do you measure the degree of that positive or negative affect? Metaethics therefore includes theories of moral justification, the nature of moral properties, and the meaning and logic of moral statements.
Hedonistic It states that the best action is the one that has the most pleasurable consequence. Are Now Displayed on One Page. Bush may have said that the war overall benefits America because we are reducing terrorism on our soil.
Consequentialism is much more practicable and easier to apply to everyday life and real world problems. Who is to decide what consequence is right in this case? Respect refers to treating people in a way that they are not just a means but also an ends Robbins, Deontology 7.
Many philosophers therefore hold that what is essential to deontologies is that they contain agent relative, as opposed to agent-neutral, moral constraints. Even if it was determined that the general populace was so caught up in a blood lust that the pleasure of the masses who would watch the agonies of the condemned far, far out-weighed the suffering of the victim, the categorical imperative demands that individual human rights be acknowledged and held inviolable.
Both theories judge morality.Oct 22, · Ethics Barbara Avery Ethics/ April 11, Monica McMorise EthicsWrite a to word essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics.
Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics - Introduction This essay will provide a theoretical understanding of the four ethical frameworks: Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics.
The deontological theory has impacted on psychological research as it argues that human beings are equal so "act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law" (Kant, p.
). Deontological Ethics This Essay Deontological Ethics and other 64, Roughly, a deontological theory denies in some way that the good or what is of value, always takes priority over the right or duty.
good a normative priority over the right, and so is a teleological theory. But hybrid views are possible. An indirect consequentialist 4/4(1). Introduction This essay will provide a theoretical understanding of the four ethical frameworks: Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics.
When applied to a situation these frameworks help teachers to resolve and justify their decision making. Consequentialist theory is a moral theory based on the idea that the moral value of a decision or action is based upon results. Consequences or outcomes are compared and decisions are made in favor of the consequences or outcomes that favor either and individual or group (CET).3/5(4).Download