Devanagari script Hindi is written in the Devanagari script, an abugida. Unlike for Sanskrit, Devanagari is not entirely phonetic for Hindi, especially failing to mark schwa dropping in spoken Standard Hindi. Provided that the President may, during the said period, by order authorize the use of the Hindi language in addition to the English language and of the Devanagari form of numerals in addition to the international form of Indian numerals for any of the official purposes of the Union  Article of the Indian constitution states It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language, to develop it so that hindi hamari rashtrabhasha essay writer may serve as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India and to secure its enrichment by assimilating without interfering with its genius, the forms, style and expressions used in Hindustani and in the other languages of India specified in the Eighth Schedule, and by drawing, wherever necessary or desirable, for its vocabulary, primarily on Sanskrit hindi hamari rashtrabhasha essay writer secondarily on other languages.
It is named after Mahavir Prasad Dwivediwho played a major role in establishing Modern Standard Hindi in poetry and broadening the acceptable subjects of Hindi poetry from the traditional ones of religion and romantic love.
Medieval Hindi literature is marked by the influence of Bhakti movement and the composition of long, epic poems. These are words that were not borrowings but do not derive from attested Indo-Aryan words either. Comparison with Modern Standard Urdu Main articles: This process usually involves compensatory lengthening of vowels preceding consonant clusters in Prakrit, e.
They may have Sanskrit consonant clusters which do not exist in native Hindi, causing difficulties in pronunciation. Hindi is quite easy to understand for some Pakistaniswho speak Urdu, which, like Hindi, is part of Hindustani. Modern Hindi and its literary tradition evolved towards the end of the 18th century.
Hindi literature, musicand film have all been disseminated via the internet. The most frequent source languages in this category are PersianArabicEnglish and Portuguese.
Internet The Hindi Wikipedia was the first Indic-language wiki to reacharticles. These include all loanwords from non-indigenous languages. Devanagari transliteration The Government of India uses Hunterian transliteration as its official system of writing Hindi in the Latin script.
Excessive use of tatsam words sometimes creates problems for native speakers. Apart from this, Hindi is spoken by the large Indian diaspora which hails from, or has its origin from the "Hindi Belt" of India.
Under Articlethe official languages of the Union has been prescribed, which includes Hindi in Devanagari script and English: Belonging to this category are onomatopoetic words or ones borrowed from local non- Indo-Aryan languages.
Such words are typically earlier loanwords from Sanskrit which have undergone sound changes subsequent to being borrowed. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.
Urdu — another form of Hindustani — acquired linguistic prestige in the later Mughal period sand underwent significant Persian influence. After independence, the government of India instituted the following conventions: During the British RajHindustani became the prestige dialect.
However, widespread resistance to the imposition of Hindi on non-native speakers, especially in South India such as the those in Tamil Nadu led to the passage of the Official Languages Act ofwhich provided for the continued use of English indefinitely for all official purposes, although the constitutional directive for the Union Government to encourage the spread of Hindi was retained and has strongly influenced its policies.
Usually these neologisms are calques of English words already adopted into spoken Hindi. Translation grammatical Article 1 — All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Chandrakantawritten by Devaki Nandan Khatri inis considered the first authentic work of prose in modern Hindi.
Devanagari consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants and is written from left to right. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
In the 20th century, Hindi literature saw a romantic upsurge. These are native Hindi words derived from Sanskrit after undergoing phonological rules e.
Inthe Gujarat High Court clarified that Hindi is not the national language of India because the constitution does not mention it as such. National language status for Hindi is a long-debated theme. Similarly, Hindi is accorded the status of official language in the following Union Territories: The splitting of Hindi and Urdu into separate languages is largely motivated by politics, namely the Indo-Pakistani rivalry.
Hindi also makes extensive use of loan translation calqueing and occasionally phono-semantic matching of English. As such, on the 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha on 14 Septemberthe efforts came to fruition following the adoption of Hindi as the official language.
It was envisioned that Hindi would become the sole working language of the Union Government by per directives in Article 2 and Article with state governments being free to function in the language of their own choice. Amongst nouns, the tatsam word could be the Sanskrit non-inflected word-stem, or it could be the nominative singular form in the Sanskrit nominal declension.
In practice, the official language commissions are constantly endeavouring to promote Hindi but not imposing restrictions on English in official use by the union government. Hindi is the most commonly used official language in India.standardisation of grammar: Inthe Government of India set up a committee to prepare a grammar of Hindi; The committee's report was released in as A Basic Grammar of Modern Hindi.
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